Landscape and Geography

Southend is a small community located in northeastern Saskatchewan, within the reserve of the Peter Ballentyne Cree Nation. It's found at the southern end of Reindeer Lake, which is the second-largest lake in Saskatchewan and the ninth largest in Canada. The community's geographical coordinates are approximately 56°20′N 103°16′W. Approximately 1,100 people, primarily Cree, resided in this community in the year 2021. Southend is situated in the Canadian Shield region, an area characterized by rocky landscapes, boreal forests, and an abundance of freshwater lakes and rivers. Reindeer Lake, on which the community sits, is a key feature of the local geography. The lake's diverse ecosystem supports various fish species, including northern pike, walleye, and lake trout, making it a popular destination for recreational fishing. The rugged terrain and dense forests surrounding Southend are home to a variety of wildlife, including moose, black bears, and numerous bird species. The natural beauty of the area, combined with outdoor activities such as fishing, hunting, and canoeing, attracts tourists and outdoor enthusiasts.


Southend, like much of northeastern Saskatchewan, has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfc), characterized by long, cold winters and short, cool summers. The average temperature in January, the coldest month, typically falls around -22°C (-8°F), while the average temperature in July, the warmest month, is about 16°C (61°F). Annual precipitation is relatively moderate, averaging around 400-500 mm (16-20 inches). Snowfall is common from October to April, while the summer months see more rainfall. Due to its northern location, Southend experiences significant variations in daylight hours throughout the year. The longest day of the year, around the summer solstice in June, has about 17 hours of daylight, while the shortest day, around the winter solstice in December, has only around 8 hours of daylight. Overall, Southend offers a unique blend of geography and climate, with its location on the scenic Reindeer Lake and its subarctic climate conditions providing a distinct environment for both residents and visitors.